Qazvin, The Land of Eternality



the city took its name from the name of the tribe that moved to this area, the Caspian, later the name was Arabized and changed to the current form, Qazvin. Historical records mention that Shapur created Qazvin and named it Shad Shapur. The city and its surrounding area was under constant attack of aggressive tribes, Shapur builds a castle with strong fortification and use it as his army base to protect the city from the said tribes specially Daylamites that kept attacking the city and the caravans that pass through them. As time passes the fort grows and becomes the core of the Qazvin and a reason of its popularity. The security that Shapur gave the town, turned it into an important business and economic spot, the city became so popular that Safavid kings chose it as their capitals and later it became a model for Isfahan.

The Safavid Garden Complex
When Shah Tahmasp of Safavid dynasty decided to move the capital from Tabriz to Qazvin, the small city witnessed a period of rapid flourishment. Shah Tahmasp was a man of literature and art, he had spent his entire childhood in Herat and started to build his new capital based on what he had seen there. Therefore, the first street of Iran was made in Qazvin in imitation of Herat’s streets. The complex that today is referred to as Safavid Garden Complex, was initiated by the order of Shah Tahmasp, but undergo many changes and destructions as time passed. The 6-hectare land of this complex was divided and sold to private owners which led to its further destruction. The complex is made of many different construct that some are destroyed and some survived the passing of time:

•    Ali – Ghapu
•    Naderi Mansion
•    Qajar Mansion
•    Pahlavi Mansion
•    Grand Hotel
•    Chehel Sotoun (40-Columns)
•    Museum
•    Rectors’ Monument

Most of what we know from the Safavid version of the garden complex is from the poem collection of Ubaid Beik Shirazi, a poet in the court of Shah Tahmasp. His poem collection describing the garden, the buildings and the city gives us good knowledge of the place in Safavid Time. this place and its surrounding area was used by Shah Abbas to create the Naghsh-e Jahan of Isfahan.